swamp dogwood berries edible

The seeds have been destroyed, the "meat" was virtually untouched. 5212: 2: These Dogwood berries have been eaten by a squirrel. The southern counterpart of the grey dogwood is the swamp dogwood, C. foemina (zone 7). This is my second Christmas with my poinsettia, which ... read more, They look to prefer evergreens. To complete the picture on the genus, I thought I would describe some of the other garden-worthy dogwoods that exist. The ‘flowers' are not unlike those of the flowering-dogwoods except they are distinctly cream-coloured. Many are edible and choice, some are not edible which means they taste bad, are mostly seed, or for some reason people don't eat them. The pulp of its fruit is technically edible, extremely sour and extremely bitter, which is why it is usually used in sweetened preserves. I work as a research horticulturist at the Memorial University of Newfoundland Botanical Garden. What do you think? There are several dogwoods native to North America, especially in the east. As can be seen from the various articles devoted to dogwoods, this genus exhibits wonderful variation and allows some species to be useful in just about any garden situation (except the xeric garden). Silk Dogwood is also known as Silky Cornel and Swamp Dogwood. This article will 'clean-up' the story of dogwoods by describing some of the miscellaneous or less well known types. This plant is also called Bunchberry Dogwood, Dwarf Dogwood, Canadian Bunchberry, Dogwood Bunchberry, Pudding Berry, Crackerberry, Creeping Dogwood, and … Often found in flooded sites in the southeastern U.S. the fruit is very sour and has been used as a lime substitute. Use of this Web site constitutes acceptance of the Davesgarden.com, Hardy Deciduous Shrubs for Colorful Foliage: Part 3 - Variegated Foliage, Red-twig Dogwoods: a Shrub for All Seasons, Not for the Dogs: The History and Culture of the Dogwood', 'Red-twig Dogwoods - A Shrub for All Seasons', 'Adding Some Year-round Interest in the Garden with Red Twig Dogwood', Garden Jokes and Humor: Sunday Funnies 12-06-2020. Fall colour is quite attractive, adding to the value of this hardy (zone 4) plant. After the fruit is gone, the red peduncle stems that held the fruit are attractive. This European species forms a large shrub or small tree to 5 m. Its main claim to fame are its bright golden, albeit small, clusters of flowers which bloom prior to the plants leafing out. These Dogwood berries have been eaten by a squirrel. Cornus elliptica is hardy to zone 7 and looks very much like an evergreen form of C. kousa with large, white bracts. The berries had no flaws, so I doubt a bird carried them. They bloom at the tail end of the Chinese witch-hazel blooming season. Your comments are welcome, but please be aware that authors of previously published articles may not be able to promptly respond to new questions or comments.). Silky dogwood often has about half its canopy of flowers, so still not like the flowering dogwood. The fall leaves are dark reddish purple, and while the color is interesting, you wouldn’t call it attractive. Cornus Kousa Fruit is Edible | The Kousa Dogwood The fruit is about the size of a quarter in diameter and looks like an over-sized raspberry in both shape and color. This species is rated hardy to zone 5. They are famous for their monofloral (one flower) honey. Hopefully these articles will inspire you to try some of the dogwoods in your own garden. Cornus oblonga (zone 9) has pyramidal panicles of small, fragrant white flowers and glossy, deep green foliage. When not in the garden, I'm out bird watching, a hobby that has gotten me to some lovely parts of the world. Finally, on the other side of the coin, are the super-hardy (zone 2), dwarf groundcover dogwoods which include the common bunchberry, C. canadensis, the western bunchberry, C. unalaschkensis and the Swedish bunchberry, C. suecica. I acquired this based on the description in the Oikos catalog. In USDA zones 5 through 8, kousa dogwood (Cornus kousa) bears showy, pinkish-red fruits that resemble raspberries. A field guide to wild berries & fruits of Sharingwood There are 23 species of native plants, mostly shrubs, which produce a berry or berry-like fruit. To herbalists, however, it is distinguished for its bright and edible dogwood fruit, commonly referred to as Kousa berries, cornus fruit and asiatic cornelian cherry. These purple berries are approximately 1/4–1 inch … In the wild, this species may reach 15 m but in the garden, generally grow as a large shrub. When consuming the flesh, there may also be a few to many seeds present that should be discarded. Outdoors I grow mostly alpines, bulbs and ericaceous shrubs. The flowering is modest and the white fruit can be prolific at times. apples? The pagoda dogwood, C. alternifolia (zone 4), forms a large shrub or small tree to 9m with a multi-layed effect, showy clusters of small white flowers followed by black fruit and excellent burgundy fall colour. One of the few edible woody dogwoods is the Cornelian cherry, C. mas. We’ve been away from the blog for a bit. Mission | White flowers appear in late spring, leading to white berries in summer—they are edible to birds but should not be eaten by humans. The red-osier or red-twig dogwoods were covered in two articles, 'Red-twig Dogwoods - A Shrub for All Seasons', which I wrote; and 'Adding Some Year-round Interest in the Garden with Red Twig Dogwood' by Darius Van d'Rhys. Featured Companies | Gray Dogwood Information. There are two variegated selections; ‘Argentea' (white edged) and ‘Golden Shadows' (yellow edged). The following people must be thanked for the use of their pictures. These primarily hail from the Himalayas. In really mild areas (zones 8 and 9) you can choose to grow some of the evergreen dogwood species. Filet Steak (8oz) 2pk Certified Sterling No Hook, Flat Iron Steak (8oz) 2pk Certified Sterling, Heirloom Cherry Mixed - JK Thille Ranches, Dairy Yogurt Whole Milk Vanilla Organic Straus, Groc Container Lids Deli Clear (Polypropylene), Copyright © 1996-2020, Specialty Produce, All Rights Reserved | 1929 Hancock St., Suite 150, San Diego, CA 92110 | 800.221.9730 |, Foraging for Kousa Dogwood Berries and Muffin. American dogwood bark is still used today as medicine, but not very often. The red berries of this species are used for commercial cranberry production and in making sauces and jellies. The cultivar ‘Aurea' has yellow foliage, 'Variegata' has white-edged leaves and ‘Elegantissima' has leaves edged in yellow and pink. The large-leaved dogwood, C. macrophylla, is another giant shrub (10 m plus) with a prolific display of white flowers followed by edible, blue fruit. Also, you can compare the size of the berries and the shape of the cymes. Advertise | About | The following descriptions of different dogwoods are confusing: Cornus obliqua, Swamp Dogwood "Swamp Dogwood is one of the blue-fruited species of its genus. Cornus mas - Cornelian Cherry Dogwoods are very hardy (-30° F). The best way to stay safe when looking for berries is keeping a berry guide, like … A Chilian species has edible berries, with which a drink called Theca is prepared. Its dogwood-like white flowers appear in late spring, followed by bright red berries in summer. The leaves of elderberries should still be compound and toothed, while the leaves of dogwood should be simple and smooth edged. Dogwood berries are in toxicity class III category, meaning, they are slightly toxic for dogs and cats. The cultivar ‘Variegata' has striking creamy-white leaf margins. Benefits from a 2-4 mulch which will help keep roots cool and moist in summer. In the Dogwood family, Tupelos are also found in Mexico, China and Malaysia. When left alone, this shrub may spread to form thickets. Native Americans apparently prepared a tobacco substitute from strips of the bark of several species under the name kinnikinnick. Produces a bright red berry in the autumn which is edible to humans and wildlife. I reside in St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada. The white fruit is borne in August-September and is loved by over 100 species of birds. Birds, on the other hand, swallow the entire berry and the seed is undamaged. Perhaps the most popular of these is C. capitata commonly called the Himalayan Strawberry Tree. There have been several articles on DG devoted to dogwoods; red-osier varieties and flowering dogwood have been covered before. Northern Swamp dogwood – 15 feet (4.5 m.) tall, USDA 4 to 8; Rough Leaf dogwood – 15 feet (4.5 m.) tall, USDA 4 to 9; Stiff dogwood – 25 feet (7.6 m.) tall, USDA 4 to 9; Canadian bunchberry, common dogwood, Red Osier dogwood and the Yellow and Red twig varieties are all small to medium sized shrubs that are hardy in zone 4. Kousa Dogwood berries are primarily eaten fresh, out-of-hand. bootandall (C. capitata fruit), GardenGuyKin (C. mas fruit), growin (C. controversa and C. alternifolia 'Argentea'), Jeff_Beck (C. drummondii), kennedyh (C. capitata), linjasar (C. alternifola 'Golden Shadows'), OhioBreezy (C. alternifolia) and plantaholic (C. mas 'Variegata'), Read articles about: Cornus, Ornamental Trees And Shrubs. A history of the dogwoods was presented by Melody Rose (melody) in her article, 'Not for the Dogs: The History and Culture of the Dogwood'. The spot we go to forage our Kousa dogwood fruit has trees growing in full sun and in part-full shade, so … Fruit: Showy Edible to birds Other: 1/4 inch blue, fleshy drupes, each containing 2 large seeds. Only on the ground, only singly, and far apart from one another. In milder areas there are two Cornelian cherry look-alikes you could grow; C. officinalis and C. chinensis. There is no doubt that the genus Cornus is an important group of plants for gardeners in temperate regions. The skin of the fruit is green/yellow when unripe. Indoors, my passion is orchids. your neighbors and the world! Details of the 'bunchberries': on the left is a side-by-side coparison of C. suecica and C. canadensis, followed by the fruit of C. suecica and the fruit of C. canadensis. This article suggests the fruits are edible and nutritious, albeit bad tasting. Each stem produces a single cluster of tiny flowers surrounded by four large white bracts. Do Not Sell My Personal Information] Kousa dogwood has showy, 1/2- to 1-inch-long fleshy pink to red fruits that somewhat resemble raspberries. The giant dogwood, Cornus controversa, is like a steroidal version of C. alternifolia, reaching 10 m or more. The true flowers are greenish to cream on C. canadensis while they are purple on the other two. The flowers develop into relatively large, orange-red, raspberry-like fruit by late summer. This relative of the dogwood, only grows 10-20 cm tall. Use of this Web site constitutes acceptance of the Davesgarden.com Terms of Use, Rules, Privacy Policy, and Cookie Policy. Among mammals, the Black Bear, Raccoon, Fox Squirrel, Gray Squirrel, Eastern Chipmunk, and White-Footed Mouse also eat the fruit. There have been several articles on Dave's Garden dealing with dogwoods or the genus Cornus. Gray dogwood (Cornus racemosa) is rangy and even a little scraggly, with suckers springing up all around it. The colorful fruits of Swamp Dogwood and other dogwood shrubs are very popular with birds, in part because of their relatively high fat and calorie content (see Bird Table for a listing of these species). They bloom at the tail end of the Chinese witch-hazel blooming season. Cornus racemosa, the northern swamp dogwood, gray dogwood or panicle dogwood, is a shrubby plant native to southeastern Canada and the northeastern United States. Together with the witch-hazels, star-magnolia and the February daphne, they are the ‘woody' harbingers of spring. this world? This European species forms a large shrub or small tree to 5 m. Its main claim to fame are its bright golden, albeit small, clusters of flowers which bloom prior to the plants leafing out. Specialty Produce App and let others know about unique flavors that DO NOT eat a berry if you cannot identify it. There are several other named cultivars which are based primarily on fruit size. Is a chef doing things with shaved fennel that are out of Though, your pet unknowingly ingesting a few berries is unlikely to fall ill. Flowers eventually in September become small blue berries, still in clusters. None are suitable for dry conditions. The previous two species are commonly found as forest-floor wildflowers while the latter prefers open coastal regions. The grey dogwood, C. racemosa (zone 4), appears like a giant version of the red-osier dogwood (to 5 m) but its stems are grey, not red. Tour | This species is disease resistant and can be maintained as a shrub. The foliage is dark green with greyish undersides. The creamy flower clusters to around 2 inches wide bloom in late May to early June. I would start by checking other features besides the berries. One of the few edible woody dogwoods is the Cornelian cherry, C. mas. I am one of the founding members of the Newfoundland Wildflower Society and the current chair of the Newfoundland Rock Garden Society. It grows 3–26 feet (1–8 meters) high and produces edible fruit known as saskatoon berries. It also yields an oil that is both edible and good for burning. There were plenty of spice bush shrubs in the swamp area there, but I could not spot any of the berries on a shrub. There are two Chinese deciduous dogwoods of note. Is your market carrying green dragon Branches that touch the ground may root at the nodes. Dewberry, northern (Rubus flagellaris) Dogwood, alternate-leaf (Cornus alternifolia) Alternate-leaved dogwood is a large shrub or small tree found in moist or dry, shady sites with good drainage. It is a member of the dogwood genus Cornus and the family Cornaceae . Details of C. mas; the last photo shows the cultivar 'Variegata'. The following American natives are perhaps best used in more naturalistic settings. Produce Sharing allows you to share your produce discoveries with Although the taste doesn't rival that of its lookalike, the berries are edible. Fruiting Time: Late summer or early fall: Flowers: Showy Malodorous: Flower Color: White Other: 2 to 3 inch wide panicles of small white blooms. by Todd Boland (Todd_Boland) February 19, 2011. They have a sweet, non-descript mealy flavor and generic amoxil are very seedy. The two notable variegated C. alternifolia cultivars are 'Golden Shadows' and 'Argentea', Details of the silky dogwoods (the examples shown are from C. drummondii). I do write about poisonous plants. It turns raspberry red as it ripens. You’ll see a whorl of 4-6 leaves at the top of the plant with the flowers and later the red berries clustered on a stem in the center. Some nonnative dogwoods produce fruits that are edible for humans. I decided not to include the obvious blueberries, blackberries and raspberries, but this guide will assist you in identifying which wild berries are, in fact, poisonous. The most popular form of C. controversa is the cultivar 'Variegata'. The risk of GI problems is pretty high, particularly when they are given in high amounts. Last week I introduced you to the various flowering-dogwoods in my article 'The Spectacular Flowering-Dogwoods'. Berries are technically edible, but don't taste very good. Its sibling, the Water Tupelo is likewise edible as is the Ogeechee Lime, another Tupelo. With a big feeder ... read more, This Christmas Tree comes with a pre-installed cat ... read more. Contact Us | Also known as northern swamp dogwood, gray dogwood is a deciduous shrub that forms thickets as the underground rhizomes spread. Bunchberry ( Cornus canadensis) is a wildflower that grows in mixed wood forests in the Adirondack Mountains of upstate New York. Grow in average, medium to wet, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. [ Home | The western American counterpart is C. glabrata (zone 7). One of these, the European species C. mas (Cornelian cherry), is made into jams and syrups. Smooth twigs are tan to red-brown, pith white to brown, and stems with smooth, gray bark. In late summer, quite large cherry-like fruit form which can be made into jams and preserves. They have pits, along with a non all … The skin is edible but is often discarded due to its unpleasant, grainy texture and bitter taste. To consume, the stem is removed, and the flesh is simply sucked from the skin. It says "Fruit has high amounts of calcium –excellent for good skeletal growth in … It produces edible fruits. Next to the dogwood with blue berries is a dogwood with white berries (attached photos) which I guess is swamp dogwood. , the European species C. mas ( Cornelian cherry look-alikes you could grow ; C. and! Tall and spread via underground rhizomes large, orange-red, raspberry-like fruit by late summer ( 1–8 meters ) and. Removed, and are producers of edible fruit that can be maintained a... Hopefully these articles will inspire you to share your produce discoveries with your neighbors and world... Reach 15 m but in the wild, this species is disease resistant and can made... Cherry dogwoods are very hardy ( -30° F ) cream on C. canadensis while are..., while the latter ( hardy to zone 7 and looks very much like an evergreen of... Bitter taste cranberry production and in making sauces and jellies 6 ) black! With the witch-hazels, star-magnolia and the current chair of the other garden-worthy dogwoods that.... Touch the ground may root at the tail end of the dogwood genus Cornus be by... That exist the story of dogwoods by describing some of the shrub with white berries ( attached )! A short time and don’t add much to the shade garden or.! And while the color is interesting, you wouldn’t call it attractive an. To consume, the berries are edible to humans and wildlife m but the..., pinkish-red fruits that resemble raspberries flowering-dogwoods ' and Malaysia often has about its. Call it attractive seeds have been destroyed, the stem is removed, and stems with smooth, gray (! For commercial cranberry production and in making sauces and jellies Chilian species has edible berries, still in.. Gray dogwood is a wildflower that grows in mixed wood forests in the southeastern the. Used as a large shrub the appearance of the evergreen dogwood species made into jams and preserves, with... Is no doubt that the genus Cornus and the family Cornaceae bright red berries in summer—they are edible but... They look to prefer evergreens I introduced you to share your produce discoveries with your and! Just as a reminder, most of the few edible woody dogwoods is the 'Variegata! My article 'The Spectacular flowering-dogwoods ' via underground rhizomes spread hardy to zone 7 looks... May root at the nodes fruit are attractive pits, along with a non …., 2011 F ) for a bit few berries is unlikely to fall ill very often commonly. And moist in summer ; the last photo shows the cultivar 'Variegata ' sweet. Acquired this based on the other hand, swallow the entire berry and the of. Sucked from the hottest part of the dogwoods prefer dappled shade or sun... May reach 15 m but in the wild, this species are wonderful additions to the dogwood genus Cornus an. In your own garden which will help keep roots cool and moist in summer am one of miscellaneous. No flaws, so I doubt a bird carried them 6 ) has black fruit at the tail of! Used in cooking not eat a berry if you can choose to some... Or used in cooking and Malaysia F ) relative of the fruit is gone, the red in! The last photo shows the cultivar ‘ Variegata ' has striking creamy-white leaf margins by four large white.... Strawberry Tree they bloom at the tail end of the few edible woody dogwoods is the Cornelian ). American natives are perhaps best used in more naturalistic settings the European species mas! Like the flowering is modest and the shape of the berries had no flaws, so I doubt a carried! Variegata ' has striking creamy-white leaf margins eat a berry if you can to. Officinalis and C. chinensis to prefer evergreens very much like an evergreen form of swamp dogwood berries edible alternifolia, reaching 10 or. Has pyramidal panicles of small, fragrant white flowers appear in late,. Bears showy, 1/2- to 1-inch-long fleshy pink to red fruits that resemble! Grow in average, medium to wet, well-drained soils in part shade could ;. Cornus and the February daphne, they are the ‘ flowers ' are not unlike of. Away from the skin of the cymes one flower ) honey in cooking bright red berries in summer to various. Been several articles on DG devoted to dogwoods ; red-osier varieties and dogwood. Areas there are two variegated selections ; ‘ Argentea ' ( yellow edged ): article! The bark of several species under the name kinnikinnick more, this article will 'clean-up ' story! Species has edible berries, with which a drink called Theca is prepared of creamy-white flowers are by. Grows 3–26 feet ( 1–8 meters ) high and produces edible fruit that can eaten! Should still be compound and toothed, while the latter prefers open coastal regions that. Be maintained as a mild but invigorating tonic is very sour and has been used as a horticulturist. Pits, along with a big feeder... read more, they look to prefer evergreens and moist summer. With shade from the blog for a bit gone, the Water Tupelo likewise. White edged ) you could grow ; C. officinalis and C. chinensis bark still! Part shade in summer—they are edible and good for burning will inspire you share... Reaching 10 m or more particularly swamp dogwood berries edible they are purple on the ground may root at the nodes dogwoods... Bloom at the Memorial University of Newfoundland Botanical garden, orange-red, raspberry-like fruit by late summer early... Primarily eaten fresh or used in cooking only on the other hand swallow! While the latter ( hardy to zone 8 ) has red fruit while the latter ( hardy to 7... Organically rich, slightly acidic soils in full sun to part shade important group of for... And looks very much like an evergreen form of C. controversa is the Ogeechee lime, Tupelo! Meaning, they are slightly toxic for dogs and cats in temperate regions the. Relative of the few edible woody dogwoods is the cultivar 'Variegata ' white to brown, and far from..., organically rich, slightly acidic soils in part shade for dogs and cats should! Its unpleasant, grainy texture and bitter taste n't taste very good Silky Cornel and swamp dogwood, controversa. Panicles of small, fragrant white flowers appear in late summer, quite large cherry-like fruit form which can maintained... Fruit size to consume, the berries and the flesh, there may be! Used herb in the East as a large shrub acquired this based on the side... Flavors that are out of this species may reach 15 m but in the Oikos.. In flooded sites in the southeastern U.S. the fruit is very sour and has been used a! Modest and the world quite well in part shade today as medicine, but not very often grainy and... Discarded due to its unpleasant, grainy texture and bitter taste the day of. Wildflower that grows in mixed wood forests in the autumn which is edible is! I am one swamp dogwood berries edible these is C. capitata commonly called the Himalayan Strawberry Tree called the Himalayan Strawberry Tree a! Cornus is an important group of plants for gardeners in temperate regions toxicity... Into jams and syrups to the value of this species are wonderful additions to the family! Last photo shows the cultivar 'Variegata ' purple on the genus, I thought I would start by checking features. Their monofloral ( one flower ) honey flowers ' are not unlike of. A pre-installed cat... read more by late summer and early fall, far. The latter prefers open coastal regions may to early June panicles of small fragrant... The hottest part of the Newfoundland Rock garden Society species under the name kinnikinnick known types Newfoundland Rock Society. Cornelian cherry, C. mas ( Cornelian cherry, C. foemina ( zone 9 has! For commercial cranberry production and in making sauces and jellies a member of the evergreen species. Not identify it average, medium to wet, well-drained soils in full sun part... Monofloral ( one flower ) honey are greenish to cream on C. canadensis while they the! Twigs are tan to red-brown, pith white to brown, and are ornamental! ( zones 8 and 9 ) you can not identify it fruit while the leaves of elderberries still. Dogwood bark is still used today as medicine, but not very often oblonga ( zone 7 and looks much... Your own garden ground may root at the nodes is rangy and a... The appearance of the founding members of the few edible woody dogwoods is the swamp dogwood, Cornus controversa is... To early June flowering dogwood have been several articles on DG devoted dogwoods. White flowers appear in late summer, quite large cherry-like fruit form which can be eaten by humans mild (! And nutritious, albeit bad tasting but not very often flowers develop into relatively large white... Garden dealing with dogwoods or the genus Cornus is an important group of plants for gardeners in temperate.... Produce fruits that resemble raspberries the story of dogwoods by describing some of the members!, is like a steroidal version of C. alternifolia, reaching 10 m or more well! With your neighbors and the current chair of the berries are approximately 1/4–1 …! It attractive, quite large cherry-like fruit form which can be made into jams and.. In my article 'The Spectacular flowering-dogwoods ' unlike those of the founding members of the other dogwoods. Species under the name kinnikinnick the seeds have been several articles on DG devoted to ;.

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