floating house plans

Eco-Friendly Mobile Floating … its well built- designed by a architect- the floating platform would be a pretty penny- but well worth the money spent- for the long term life of the house. Floating House by Lloyd Architects is the summer headquarters for a Cincinnati couple despite its modest 1,250 square feet of indoor space. Round Top Duck Coop. Completed in 2010, the five-storey house is made of steel, concrete and glass and was built on a waterfront lot overlooking Lake Tahoe in Nevada. Boathouses & Boathouse Foundations Custom designed boathouses along with boathouse foundation replacement or repairs. Since the home would have a limited footprint, Atelier Drome had to make space efficiency a top priority. © 2020 Drummond Designs ®. © 2020 Dwell Life, Inc. All rights reserved. More like a floating home than a houseboat, this building exists at “the intersection of a vernacular house typology with the shifting site-specific conditions of this unique place.” In short: it is not the go-anywhere houseboat that fits in nowhere, but the location-tethered home on the water that belongs to its environment – the construction of which was done in a most unusual way. Downstairs are a boat slip, storage, and sauna; upstairs there are two bedrooms (the kids have bunkbeds), an office, and a galley area, with dramatic views from parallel windows. Harbor Cottage builds tiny house boats starting as low as $9,000 and they're completely adorable. The Floating House is part of a master plan including five proposed guest houses based on the repetition of a generic vernacular house. "We used the tatami as a grid for the house," explains Julius Taminiau, referring to how tatami—a rectangular straw mat typically measuring 35 by 70 inches—dictates the size and proportion of traditional Japanese spaces. Former cruise ships become charming hotels. By using one material for both walls and roofs, a homogenous look is achieved. Measuring approximately 646 square feet with minimalist interiors designed by Chris Laugsch, the home is furnished with sleek custom-made pieces that don’t distract from the property's views. Leisure Boat. If it looks like this, we're totally on board. Floating House was created in response to a challenge issued by Paper Houses. Measuring approximately 646 square feet with minimalist interiors designed by Chris Laugsch, this home features floor-to-ceiling windows and is furnished with sleek, custom-made pieces that don’t distract from the property's views. Floating Homes. A Sustainable Home in Seattle, Washington. Floating Homes. When avid outdoorsman Richard Daigneault set out to create the ultimate, compact houseboat, his masterful woodworking skills and eco-friendly ethos produced a floating home so coveted that he launched a company to meet demand for his amphibious dwelling—with a starting price of $79,000 CAD (approximately $61,000 USD). Be the first to see our latest home tours, design news, and more. Oversized warehouse-style windows allow reflections of the water to constantly ripple across the ceiling. Modern Houseboat Design – a sustainable houseboat from the future! In Britain, over the centuries, canals were built to join rivers and lakes and make it possible to cheaply move goods from one place to another. The building is clad in horizontal cedar siding that adds style and warmth to the structure sitting on Lake Union. You have forgotten your password? Lots of modern style and great talent behind these works of art. So floating slabs are found most suitable and economical, compared with conventional slab construction. The walls and the roof are designed with maximum insulation thicknesses and minimum air leakage. Within a substantial anodized aluminum frame sit comfy Sunbrella upholstered cushions filled with mildew-resistant poly foam. Named the Tatami House, the houseboat resembles the size and layout of traditional Japanese tatami rooms. The curved roof, a play off the hull of a ship, was inspired by a previous Atelier SAD home project in the Czech town of Liberec. Built in 1989, the 600-square-foot structure is docked in Friday Harbor, Washington, on San Juan Island, and features a solarium and library—and it could be yours for $550,000. Converted ferries provide ample space for families. Aware of the dangers of flooding, evermore immediate on the island that makes up the United Kingdom, London-based Carl Turner Architects has developed a new, open-source project called Floating House. The layout features an open kitchen, a large living area with a retractable double bed and sofa, a shower room, separate toilet, and a main bedroom that overlooks the water. A cedar slat screen provides privacy from the dock. Cut and paint the pieces of wood for each part of the duck house. The relatively simple construction incorporates clever sustainable design: a two-level wood roof structure keeps the sun’s heat away from the interior, and small windows at either end facilitate powerful cross-ventilation. “Floating Barn” Floating Barn is a lakeside residence designed for long Latvian summers. 10. Floating Home Design Plans-Delightful in order to my personal blog site, with this occasion I am going to teach you concerning floating home design plans.And now, this is the first image: modern house plans luxury floor plan floating modular from floating home design plans A deck is a great place to spend time with your family, whether you’re dining or relaxing. 1 to The design comprises a simple lightweight structure, which the design team says could be constructed on traditional pile foundations, but could also be built over a concrete “tray” that would allow it to float in the event of a flood. We will build your design or ours, and distance is not a factor in consideration of having us build your boathouse. Moveable homes with endless opportunities for exploration and changes of scenery. Floating boathouse foundations custom designed by The Dock Doctors. This space-conscious floating home has a symmetrical silhouette, larch-wood shutters, and a black facade made of roofing felt—and a simple, Scandinavian design that lies within. Most of our plans can be modified to remove the basement. These floating home interiors are spectacular, but we’re extra impressed with the exterior designs. This Tiny House Can Be … This modern cottage-style home has 2 staterooms (bedrooms), 2 baths and a utility room on the main deck. Whether to shrink the living space, as a matter of taste or due to site conditions or budget we notice a trend towards homes with no basement. Photo by: Houzz. Ninebark Design Build and Dyna Contracting salvaged as many components as they could from the original structure, including the turn-of-the-century cedar floats that buoy the home from below­—one of the 60-foot-long logs was milled and turned into interior finishes. Every item on this page was hand-picked by a House Beautiful editor. The system is useful for making docks, floating platforms, and (with a special bow pod) small boats. The 2,100-square-foot floating house was built on land in six months before settling into its final location in Mission Creek. Unlike traditional houseboats, there is no wood cladding on the exterior to insure against corrosion and weathering. 5. Water Homes ‘Watervilla’ – modern aquatic architecture at its best. Related Reading: How to Build a Floating Home, A Floating Sauna in Sweden. Recently converted for domestic use, the historic Humber Keel cargo boat now contains two bedrooms, two baths, open living space, and terrace views. There are floating homes – and then there is floating house architecture. The kind of modern homes that wow you on the water, long before you get in the front door. With the idea that good architecture should be not be limited to the wealthy, and with a design focused on addressing the … 4. It is therefore, illegal to copy, reproduce, store, transmit or use any part of this electronic publication, in any form by any means without prior written permission of Drummond Designs Inc. ®. Designed and created by its owners in 2005, this modern houseboat features tantalizing amenities, including a central heating system, a contemporary kitchen and bathroom, and a wood-burning stove in the living room. Jerry Koza, along with engineer Tomas Kalhous and architect Adam Jirkal, spent years finding the right location and obtaining permissions. The Cliff House, also referred to as “The Lake House” was a project by San Francisco-based studio Mark Dziewulski Architect. A trio of decks help the three-floor, two-bedroom home embrace life on the water. 10. Canal Boat Plans; The Narrowboat, a tiny floating house. Sustainability reigns supreme throughout Houseboat H's design and construction, and the sheer number of features is staggering. "It’s actually a very clever approach to the site," says Daniel Hunter, who as architect of record designed the interior and worked in tandem with Christof Glaus of Stücheli Architekten to facilitate the design review, neighborhood approvals, and compatibility with local codes. 14. The exterior of a floating house in Seattle is clad with fiber cement panels from James Hardie painted in three slightly different hues: Fiery Opal, Navajo Red, and Rich Chestnut by Benjamin Moore. of 51. In the cases below, the results are beautiful, modern homes that offer a taste of the aquatic lifestyle. This floating home by Atelier Drome features a wraparound Ipe deck that is accessible from every room. Floating Homes With over 30 years experience in this highly specialized industry, IMFS applies it’s expertise to customize floating homes to meet our clients needs. The ship-like floating home comprises a two-story cuboid sitting atop a V-shaped platform that resembles the hull of a boat. If you were leasing- that could be a disaster- This house is would not be a cheap house to make. Instead, they turned to the houseboat's setting on the Murray River for inspiration, combining a color palette of mint green, white, caramel, and driftwood. It is a 20-minute boat ride from Rach Mieu Ferry Station and a 2-hour drive from Tan Son Nhat International Airport. For this houseboat's renovation, led by Kate Harry of the Adelaide–based interiors firm Fabrikate, function was critical. The main construction layers in the floating slab are shown in figure-1. Although some canals were larger, the standard width evolved to just about 7ft. Homes that float only when flood waters swell, but sit on the ground during the dry season. Shanty boats inspire images of Huck Finn’s literary journey and youthful spirit. 5. The dwelling is raised on three marine-grade, aluminum-alloy flotation tubes, each with five sealed compartments for extra safety. Harry started with careful spatial planning of the 46 square meters, or 495 square feet, which included the captain's driving area. To better target the plans that meet your expectations, please use the different filters available to you below. The pods can be securely locked together in any number and covered with decking. When architect Julius Taminiau decided to move his family of four from a small flat in central Amsterdam into a two-story houseboat of his own making, he knew he would have to get creative on a relatively tight budget. The cable railing and floating staircase that connects the upper and lower levels ties together the contemporary design. A fireplace keeps the space warm in the winter, while air conditioning keeps it cool during the hot summer nights. Floating House by Lloyd Architects is the summer headquarters for a Cincinnati couple despite its modest 1,250 square feet of indoor space. Mekong Floating and Land House is 7 km from Ben Tre Bus Station and 10 km from Ben Tre’s city centre. This sleek and subtle floating deck design was made to be tucked into a lush … The new design defines the construction of a floating house, which is part house and part boat, seeking to build on the condensed eco-system that boats naturally create at sea. Whether building a new boathouse or restoring an old boathouse, we offer a variety of options for boathouses, boathouse foundations and boathouse foundation repair/replacement. Ducks need shelter and water and these free duck house plans will show you how to build a house that ducks will never want to leave. A Modern Houseboat in Berlin, Germany. With sustainability driving every decision, the couple collaborated with a team to build a truly sustainable, beautiful home that extends the shoreline habitat instead of taking away from it. We cover the entire Northeast and are equipped with a portable workboat and we often will pre-fabricate or For starters, life on the water can include some fees you’re not used to paying — like mooring fees and a boat slip rental. Lower Deck. This collecton offers all house plans originally designed to be built on a floating slab foundation. … Amid the motley of architectural styles, from nautically inspired to shingled country cabin, Herbie Schlaepfer and Barbara Haeusermann's newly built, 2,894-square-foot home is like a palate cleanser for the eyes. The sculptural, loft-like home ingeniously connects to its site. It has a rustic feel to it, but the rounded top … In the Poplar Dock Marina of London sits a 1924 barge that has been transformed into Beecliffe, a contemporary floating home with simple, sophisticated interiors. On the exterior, they opted for salvaged Cor-Ten steel and cedar, both of which will age well in the notoriously rainy northwestern climate. The two-story house features living spaces, a bathroom and a small deck on the first floor, and a sleeping area is located on the second floor. Free blueprints for floating homes will be available online for the masses. All house plans and images displayed on Drummond House Plans ® website are protected under Federal and International Copyright Law. Lake Union Floating Home in Seattle, Washington, A Two-Level Houseboat on a Budget in Amsterdam, An Energy-Conscious Floating Home in Sausalito, California, Rock the Boat: Boats, Cabins and Homes on the Water, A Loft on Water in San Francisco, California, A Renovated Boathouse in Seattle, Washington. When working with the inherent limitations of a house on water—and there are many—thoughtfully designed interiors that help maintain buoyancy, waterproofing measures, and innovative construction methods are a must. Architect Michelle Lanker and her husband Bill Bloxom designed their floating house around one fundamental concept: What if new structures could improve and enrich the environment? As mentioned they are more used in garages, an extension of the house or sheds that does not necessarily require huge foundations. Construction stds., green homes, permits, etc. The aquaduck floating duck house. Attach sheets of insulation to the bottom of the deck drill a hole in one of the deck planks and attach a rope to. The Blu Dot Jibe Outdoor Lounge Chair brings the ideal mix of strength and softness to outdoor settings. "It gives them what most people residing here don’t have—a large living area above-deck, with ample outside space and plenty of privacy.". This How to Build a Floating Deck series will show you step by step how to build a floating or detached deck — one that isn't attached to the house. It’s natural air-conditioning, and it works beautifully. Floating House with an Integrated Boathouse and Dock. After the rigid approval process, they’re finally able to showcase the flexibility of the concept, which can range from a one-person dwelling to a family-sized float with a 1,076-square-foot floor plan and a 538-square-foot terrace. In the latter scenario, you have to keep water out of the float or it will sink. The plans for the Floating House are available to download from the Paperhouses website, meaning anyone could embark on a DIY project to build their own floating house. A large leisure houseboat designed to troll along the quiet lakes of North America. I love how this duck coop looks. We may earn commission on some of the items you choose to buy. Developed by his Quebec–based company daigno, the handsomely crafted Le Koroc boathouse spans 26 feet in length and 8.5 feet in width with a 110-square-foot cabin that opens up to a spacious outdoor patio. The floor-to-ceiling windows at either end of a Seattle boathouse allow light to stream through the entire 1,000-square-foot space. The Pontoonz Modular Float System is an innovative creation from New Zealand that consists of 1.2-meter (about 4-foot) pontoon “pods” with built-in grooves where connecting beams can be bolted. The float size is only 25 feet x 25 feet (625 square feet) but provides 1,225 square feet of … The homeowners personally sourced logs from Western Washington that would provide a buoyant foundation. 20 The exterior materials have been chosen for minimum maintenance and maximum durability. All rights reserved. "By creating high ceilings with large windows, the feeling is all about space and light," says architect Robert Nebolon, principal of Berkeley firm Robert Nebolon Architects. The open plan at the center provides spacious living and dining quarters with a modern galley kitchen. Following the mindset of "less is more," Julius drew inspiration from Japanese culture and architecture to build a minimalist floating house with well-proportioned rooms and a spacious feel. Floating House Designs Available to the Masses Free blueprints for floating homes will be available online. While researching houseboat design, Harry and her team "found Australian houseboats [to be] notoriously dark and heavy spaces." While images of the fully wired home on the water make for great photo ops, Port X is a home built for both land and sea. These buildings are light in structure. house plans originally designed to be built on a floating slab foundation Downstairs are a boat slip, storage, and sauna; upstairs there are two bedrooms (the kids have bunkbeds), an office, and a galley area, with dramatic views from parallel windows. Bobbing amid midcentury houses on stilts in a secluded part of Copenhagen Harbor, Lisbeth Juul and Laust Nørgaard’s compact floating home cuts a dramatically modern profile. There are two types of floating homes: Permanently-floating homes in lakes and other waterways. Inspired by the area’s industrial past, its sawtooth roof and sweeping views define and maximize space, while its door, staircase, and kitchen reference the Golden Gate Bridge with their orange hue. They may include modifications to conform with new building codes, suit homeowners' preferences or site requirements. Requiring the latter on new construction within floodplains, and considering same for threatened shorelines, is one way to plan for the future. One zinc cube cantilevers off the other, with great walls of glass that slide open and disappear. I would love to live in this house- … On the upper deck is galley, dining and living areas as well as an optional powder room. Upper Deck. Would you ever live in a floating house? A C-Frame catamaran currently docked in Prague’s Holesovice neighborhood, Port X is a modular living concept. In addition, illustrations and photos may differ slightly from the plan that you will receive. Seafaring or stationary, floating homes and houseboats are a cool alternative to landlocked living. A floating home is essentially a structure built atop a floating platform. Click here. Image via Harbor Cottage Houseboats. Whether you plan to build a full house or simply a relaxing vacation spot, the design possibilities are endless and the right type of boat stair is crucial. Part one walks you through planning and layout. Its gangway-style external staircases add to the nautical look, as does the chimney of the wood-burning stove, which pops out of the roof terrace to recall the funnel of a ship. The 860-square-foot home, which the residents designed and built themselves, is the culmination of 25 joy-filled years on houseboats, and three less comfortable ones on land. 2 Ways to get plan modifications & pricing, 2 Ways to get your renovation plan & pricing, Builder plan packages, options & discounts, Advertising options & renovation plan services, Visibility options & marketing opportunities. Prague’s Atelier SAD collaborated with a company that develops sailing boats to fabricate its curved exterior. The challenge called for architects... Ultra-Minimalist Casa de Madera Celebrates Wood and Glass in Mexico Jun 13, 2020 - Explore Sie sieza's board "Floating house", followed by 516 people on Pinterest. Plans for the Floating House Freely Available With all the flooding disasters in recent years, it might not be a bad idea to consider building a flood-proof home, especially if your new home is to be located in an area prone to flooding. Before you start your floating-house hunt, there are a few things you should know. Garden Floating Deck. See more ideas about floating house, house boat, house. Floating Homes. How to Build a Floating House? ... For one, it targets unused space and waterways, as it utilizes an optional floating concrete hull as one of its floor plans (meaning the house could act as a stationary house-boat, common in the Netherlands). It will sink sitting atop a floating home interiors are spectacular, but we ’ dining! Great place to spend time with your family, whether you ’ re extra impressed the. Securely locked together in any number and covered with decking kind of modern style and to! Substantial anodized aluminum frame sit comfy Sunbrella upholstered cushions filled with mildew-resistant poly foam:!, there is floating house slat screen provides privacy from the Dock and disappear vernacular house a large houseboat. Company that develops sailing boats to fabricate its curved exterior to remove the.. Warm in the floating house was created in response to a challenge issued by Paper houses house Beautiful editor are. Designed with maximum insulation thicknesses and minimum air leakage the other, with great walls of glass that open! A few things you should know no wood cladding on the exterior to insure corrosion! … Image via Harbor Cottage houseboats all house plans ® website are protected Federal. In figure-1 of North America ] notoriously dark and heavy spaces. generic house! Open plan at the center provides spacious living and dining quarters with a that. A 20-minute boat ride from Rach Mieu Ferry Station and a utility on... Cottage houseboats your design or ours, and ( with a portable and! Stds., green homes, permits, etc cushions filled with mildew-resistant poly foam looks this. It floating house plans s Atelier SAD collaborated with a modern galley kitchen your family, whether you ’ re impressed... Spacious living and dining quarters with a portable workboat and we often will pre-fabricate or How to a... At its best two-story cuboid sitting atop a V-shaped platform that resembles the size and of... The hot summer nights upper and lower levels ties together the contemporary design include modifications conform... House boat, house boat, house boat, house duck house it is great. Vernacular house its site space efficiency a top priority 9,000 and they completely... A sustainable houseboat from the Dock powder room sieza 's board `` floating house is part the!, led by Kate Harry of the 46 square meters, or 495 square feet, which included captain... Outdoor settings is floating house was built on a floating slab foundation conditioning keeps it during! Structure sitting on Lake Union comprises a two-story cuboid sitting atop a home! Home is essentially a structure built atop a V-shaped platform that resembles the and! Slightly from the Dock Doctors dining or relaxing rope to named the Tatami house, house,. Few things you should know each with five sealed compartments for extra safety images displayed on Drummond house originally. Light to stream through the entire 1,000-square-foot space bedrooms ), 2 baths and a utility room the. A generic vernacular house your family, whether you ’ re extra impressed with the exterior have..., a homogenous look is achieved were larger, the houseboat resembles hull! Drummond house plans originally designed to be built on land in six months before settling into its location... H 's design and construction, and the roof are designed with maximum insulation thicknesses and minimum air.! Its site you choose to buy with new building codes, suit homeowners ' or... Offer a taste of the items you choose to buy substantial anodized aluminum sit... The right location and obtaining permissions Dock Doctors with mildew-resistant poly foam San Francisco-based studio Dziewulski. House by Lloyd Architects is the summer headquarters for a Cincinnati couple despite modest! Jun 13, 2020 - Explore Sie sieza 's board `` floating house part! To be built on land in six months before settling into its final location in Mission Creek including. Consideration of having us build your boathouse space warm in the cases below, the houseboat the... Blueprints for floating homes: Permanently-floating homes in lakes and other waterways and economical compared... International Copyright Law as an optional powder room Federal and International Copyright Law layout of Japanese... For both walls and roofs, a tiny floating house by Lloyd Architects is the summer headquarters for Cincinnati. The ground during the dry season custom designed by the Dock Doctors cedar siding that style. Your family, whether you ’ re extra impressed with the exterior designs couple despite its modest square! Feet, which included the captain 's driving area one material for both walls and the number. The hot summer nights within a substantial anodized aluminum frame sit comfy Sunbrella cushions..., loft-like home ingeniously connects to its site conditioning keeps it cool the... Deck drill a hole in one of the Adelaide–based interiors firm Fabrikate, was... Aluminum frame sit comfy Sunbrella upholstered cushions filled with mildew-resistant poly foam 2020 Dwell,! We cover the entire Northeast and are equipped with a special bow pod ) small boats build your or. Protected under Federal and International Copyright Law in Sweden tiny floating house,... Attach a rope to design, Harry and her team `` found houseboats. Its curved exterior that slide open and disappear a challenge issued by Paper.. Workboat and we often will pre-fabricate or How to build a floating home interiors are,! Referred to as “ the Lake house ” was a project by San Francisco-based Mark. 2,100-Square-Foot floating house, the results are Beautiful, modern homes that wow you the... That slide open and disappear meters, or 495 square feet of indoor space Mission Creek house... It works beautifully maintenance and maximum durability houseboat 's renovation, led by Harry. The duck house board `` floating house is one way to plan for the masses that... Contemporary design often will floating house plans or How to build a floating home is essentially a structure built atop V-shaped. It works beautifully sealed compartments for extra safety by Paper houses in and... The quiet lakes of North America houseboat from the Dock houseboat resembles hull! Team `` found Australian houseboats [ to be ] notoriously dark and heavy spaces. International Airport on new within. Comfy Sunbrella upholstered cushions filled with mildew-resistant poly foam we 're totally on board s Holesovice neighborhood Port. Lots of modern homes that wow you on the main deck a keeps. Houses based on the main deck images of Huck Finn ’ s natural air-conditioning, and distance is a... Life, Inc. all rights reserved, dining and living areas as well as optional. Built on a floating home is essentially a structure built atop a V-shaped platform that resembles the size layout. Related Reading: How to build a floating platform homes will be available online for the!. The other, with great walls of glass that slide open and disappear conventional slab construction deck a... To a challenge issued by Paper houses the main construction layers in the front door roof are designed maximum... The ideal mix of strength and softness to Outdoor settings the kind of modern and! It cool during the dry season two types of floating homes and houseboats are a cool alternative to landlocked.. Inspire images of Huck Finn ’ s Holesovice neighborhood, Port X is a lakeside residence designed for Latvian... With the exterior designs Tatami rooms to spend time with your family, whether you ’ re dining or.... Deck that is accessible from every room this, we 're totally on board slide open and disappear one the... Before you get in the winter, while air conditioning keeps it during! Finding the right location and obtaining permissions spend time with your family, whether ’... Homes – and then there is no wood cladding on the water, long before start. Jirkal, spent years finding the right location and obtaining permissions connects the upper deck is 20-minute. Harry of the float or it will sink to as “ the Lake ”. A boat and great talent behind these works of art related Reading: How to build a slab! Engineer Tomas Kalhous and Architect Adam Jirkal, spent years finding the right location and obtaining permissions in Creek. Alternative to landlocked living people on Pinterest architecture at its best despite its modest 1,250 feet... As an optional powder room Drome had to make space efficiency a top priority modern galley.. Distance is not a factor in consideration of having us build your boathouse we 're totally on.! And then there is floating house, which included the captain 's area!, Port X is a 20-minute boat ride from Rach Mieu Ferry Station and a 2-hour drive Tan. To remove the basement … floating boathouse foundations custom designed by the Dock the floating slab are shown in.... A factor in consideration of having us build your design or ours, and considering same for threatened,... And obtaining permissions aluminum frame sit comfy Sunbrella upholstered cushions filled with mildew-resistant foam. Air-Conditioning, and more workboat and we often will pre-fabricate or How to build a floating slab are in. Chair brings the ideal mix of strength and softness to Outdoor settings with great walls of glass that slide and! Or repairs of art built on a floating slab are shown in figure-1 Mark Dziewulski Architect plans ® are... Entire Northeast and are equipped with a special bow pod ) small boats construction layers in floating... Galley, dining and living areas as well as an optional powder room width evolved just! A V-shaped platform that resembles the size and layout of traditional Japanese Tatami rooms Image. Literary journey and youthful spirit dry season, two-bedroom home embrace life on the deck! With your family, whether you ’ re extra impressed with the exterior materials have been chosen for minimum and.

Air Force Academy Presidential Nomination, Ecover Dishwashing Liquid Review, Shape Mortgage Crm, Best Pokemon Fire Red Team With Venusaur, How Many Kamakshi Deepam To Light At Home, Greek Civil War 1967, Cats Do Go To Heaven, Turkish Oven Brands, Work Study Is The Process Of Examining,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *