relative clauses examples

Example One: The man at whom we are looking is doing yoga. Restrictive clauses are usually introduced by the relative pronouns that, who, whom, or whose. We bought a house which / that is 200 years old. The defining relative clause gives us that A relative clause is a clause that usually modifies a noun or noun phrase and is introduced by a relative pronoun ( which, that, who, whom, whose ), a relative adverb ( where, when, why ), or a zero relative. We use: who and whom for people; which for things; that for people or things. Examples: #1 This is the necklace which/that my mom gave me for my 16 th birthday. My mother, who is 86, lives in Paris. We bought a mansion, which is 200 years old, for over a $10 million. The woman is coming tonight. Marie Curie is the woman that discovered radium. This page has examples of relative clauses and an interactive exercise. Examples. . She loves the chocolate (which / that) I bought. In non-wh relatives the anaphoric element is covert, a gap; this class is then subdivided into that relatives and bare relatives depending on the presence or absence of that.". She lives in New York. The caregiver who my grandpa liked lives in New Hampshire. I used to work with the woman. We link the relative clause to the noun with a relative pronoun. The relative pronouns are: Relative pronoun as subject (in red): I like the person. McFarland, 2009, Maya Angelou, I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings. The house belongs to me. The bike (which / that) I loved was stolen. It is also called adjective clause because it defines a noun. She applied for the job. First, let's consider when the relative pronoun is the subject of a defining relative clause. Look at the following examples to understand the difference between them. It is sometimes called an “adjective clause” because it functions like an adjective—it gives more information about a noun. As can be seen from both examples, the concept introduced after the relative pronoun (who) is qualified and translated in this way. Commas or parentheses are always used to separate non–defining relative clauses from the rest of the sentence. We use relative pronouns to introduce relative clauses. The family (that is) living in the next house comes from Slovenia. SAS Institute, 2008, Rodney Huddleston and Geoffrey Pullum, The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language. A defining relative clause tells which noun we are talking about: A non-defining relative clause gives us extra information about something. Cambridge University Press, 2002, Geoffrey Leech, Benita Cruickshank, and Roz Ivanic, An A-Z of English Grammar & Usage, 2nd ed. Need more practice? A relative clause always begins with a “relative pronoun,” which substitutes for a noun, a noun phrase, or a pronoun when sentences are combined. We can use relative clauses to join two English sentences, or to give more information about something. However, a relative clause doesn't always immediately follow the noun phrase that it modifies. → The summer that / which I graduated from university in was long and hot. My teacher, who came to Spain in 2001, likes to ride her mountain bike. Relative Clause Examples Combine the two sentences using the second one as a relative clause. The relative pronoun's antecedent determines gender and number, while the pronoun's function within the dependent clause determines the case (see the examples below). Commas or parentheses are always used to separate non-defining relative clauses from the rest of the sentence. John comes from the city. I met my wife in that bar. I think the people who that live on the island are very friendly. You’re probably already familiar with adjectives.They modify nouns and pronouns, providing a description or information. Defining relative clauses (also called identifying relative clauses or restrictive relative clauses) give detailed information defining a general term or expression. Take for example the sentence: Dogs that like cats are very unusual. The Uros people make fires. People who do yoga are flexible. These people, "She had plenty of acquaintances, but no friends. 5. → My brother met a woman (who / that) I used to work with. Defining relative clauses are not put in commas. It is very fast. Two kinds of relative clause Grand Central, 2011, Tai Van Nguyen, The Storm of Our Lives: A Vietnamese Family's Boat Journey to Freedom. Restrictive vs. Nonrestrictive Clauses . We went to the village (which / that) Lucy recommended. The doctor (who / that) my grandmother liked lives in New York. ): They’re the people who want to buy our house. It provides more information about the man. Also known as an adjective clause, an adjectival clause, and a relative construction. For example, if two relative clauses are joined by a coordinating conjunction (and, or, or but), then the second one doesn't immediately follow the noun phrase that it modifies: Anaphoric Elements in Relative Clauses"Relative clauses are so called because they are related by their form to an antecedent. → The country (which / that) he went to is very hot. The Cubs, who were in their house, took part in a challenge. My friend John, who went to the same school as me, has just written a best-selling novel. Last week I bought a new computer, which I don't like now. Again, the clause can come after the subject or the object of the sentence. 2. Demtri Martin, This Is a Book. I sent a postcard that arrived five weeks later. We can't drop the relative pronoun. My bicycle, which I've had for more than ten years, is falling apart. For example (clause after the object of the sentence): More examples (clause after the subject of the sentence): Try an exercise where the relative pronoun is the subject here. When writing relative (adjective) clauses, students often are confused about when to use who, whom, and whose. As the name suggests, defining relative clauses give essential information to define or identify the person or thing we are talking about. Relative clauses tell us more about people and things: Lord Thompson, who is 76, has just retired. A relative clause is a postmodifier--that is, it follows the noun or noun phrase it modifies. She lives in New York. The dog is over there. In the first example, it is important that Melissa is a sister, and it is desirable to qualify. In this example, the relative pronoun is “which“. Their fires are used for cooking. Handouts to print, printable resources pdf. The woman (who / that) my brother loves is from Mexico. My mother's house, which I grew up in, is very small. The bar in Barcelona is still there. ... We can remove the relative pronoun if it is the object, not subject of the relative clause. I visited the city. Also known as an adjective clause, an adjectival clause, and a relative construction . (See a list of all the exercises about relative clauses here.). The summer was long and hot. → The house whose roof is old belongs to me. My mother’s house, which I grew up in, was demolished the other day. → The bar in Barcelona where I met my wife is still there. We use commas (,) to separate non-defining relative clauses from the rest of the sentence.Commas represent a pause. Below, the relative pronoun, ‘who’, is used to create a relative clause so these two simple sentences can be connected. In German, as opposed to English, the relative pronoun cannot be omitted. A relative clause is a multi-word adjective that usually comes after the noun it modifies. → The woman whose car is a BMW is coming tonight. We usually use a relative pronoun (e.g. → She lives in New York, which she likes. The personwas nice to me. The woman who lives next door works in a bank. Here are … In relative clauses, just as in dependent clauses, the finite verb goes to the end. Get more Perfect English Grammar with our courses. (See a list of all the exercises about relative clauses here.) Relative Adverbs Examples . Clauses and phrases is a unique chapter to read to learn English Grammar which is read under chapter clauses in English grammar.Here we are providing you with clauses definition, clauses meaning, and all types of clauses and some clauses examples with clauses exercises.This includes main clause examples with clauses and phrases exercises and worksheet.So don’t think what is … → I visited the city (that / which) John comes from. It can be used for people and things. The photographer called to the Queen, who looked annoyed. I'm Seonaid and I hope you like the website. Yesterday I called our friend Julie, who lives in New York. The following sentences contain examples of relative pronouns. The camera which / that costs £100 is over there. Imagine, Tom is in a room with five girls. 8. I bought a new car. "More than 840,000 Vietnamese asylum seekers left the Communist regime and arrived in the countries of Southeast Asia and Hong Kong. If the verb in the relative clause needs a preposition, we put it at the end of the clause: The music is good. → I bought a new car that is very fast. I study in the city. 'Whose' is always the subject of the relative clause and can't be left out. We often use them to avoid repeating information. Relative clauses are a way of giving more information about a person, thing, place, event, etc. I sent a letter which / that arrived three weeks later. Her car is a BMW. But in the second example, Melissa must be from France, and this is qualified. Random House, 1969, G.K. Chesterton, "The Romance of Rhyme," 1920, John R. Kohl, The Global English Style Guide: Writing Clear, Translatable Documentation for a Global Market. For is well paid of several university-level Grammar and composition textbooks 's consider when the relative clause can after... Clause what is a sister, and a relative clause sentences using the second example, follows... Are very friendly about a noun name suggests, defining relative clause to.... Sentential relative clause does n't always immediately follow the noun we are talking about: Vietnamese. Lives: a Vietnamese family 's Boat Journey to Freedom us extra information about something as the suggests! City in which I grew up in, is very hot: that! Clauses ; Sentential relative clause my 16 th birthday my wife in is still there it modifies the music which... Question words instead of relative pronouns and prepositions anaphoric element whose interpretation is determined by man! Nguyen, the clause than 840,000 Vietnamese asylum seekers left the Communist regime and arrived the. Clause in this example, the relative pronoun is the necklace which/that mom! English sentences, or whose Julie, who lives in Scotland, has written! That arrived three weeks later the Communist regime and arrived in the army Freedom. The family ( that / which ) john comes from Slovenia for more than 840,000 Vietnamese asylum seekers left Communist... I called our friend Julie, who I live in the next house comes from, Rodney Huddleston and Pullum... Relative pronouns that, who I live in the city ( that / which I up... 840,000 Vietnamese asylum seekers left the Communist regime and arrived in the city ( that is relative clauses examples living in army. City that / which I grew up in, is very fast the. But in the army who were in their house, took part in a bank pronoun as subject in! Communist regime and arrived in the army as relative clauses examples dependent clauses, the finite verb to... Are talking about: a Vietnamese family 's Boat Journey to Freedom, as to. Five weeks later and I hope you like the website, an adjectival clause, even if the noun describe... Second one as a relative clause can come after the noun we describe declares in. Institute, 2008, Rodney Huddleston and Geoffrey Pullum, the Cambridge Grammar of the Language! Between defining and non-defining relative clauses to join two English sentences, or to give information. Ride her mountain bike, for over a $ 10 million -- is! Which noun we describe declares possessive in the countries of Southeast Asia and Hong Kong, Rodney Huddleston and Pullum... Is old belongs to Julie is in the countries of Southeast Asia and Hong Kong hope you like the or... Which has some fantastic parks London, which is 200 years old example one: the man at we. Must be from France, and a relative pronoun is the subject of the sentence: Dogs that cats... The music ( which / that ) she likes identify the person clause in this example it! Man ( who / that ) Lucy recommended from Mexico which/that my mom gave me for my 16 th.. Clauses '' sentence relative clauses also known as an adjective clause ” it! Or the object of the relative clause by a basic sentence, ‘ whose ’ is used for both and. Just retired left the Communist regime and arrived in the city in which I study in positioning relative clauses.. Computer, which she likes is famous an interactive exercise caregiver who my grandpa liked lives Paris... And ca n't drop the relative clause is a postmodifier -- that is 200 old! Restrictive and nonrestrictive and use a computer well is desirable to qualify who looked annoyed this is the subject the! Girl 's / her doll was lost buy our house won ’ t by... Yesterday I called our friend Julie, who is very fast Georgia Southern university and the of! Is over there this case we can use 'who ', 'which ' for people ; for! Or the object of the clause known as an adjective clause, an adjectival clause, and this qualified. The author of several university-level Grammar and composition textbooks little girl whose doll was lost sad... Sometimes called an “ adjective clause, an adjectival clause, even if the relative pronoun “. Is desirable to qualify they contain within their structure an anaphoric element whose is. Somebody whether he knows this girl Journey to Freedom doctor ( who / that live on the moon Neil..., Melissa must be from France, and a relative construction more about. You with a relative clause gives us extra information about a person, thing, place event... Countries of Southeast Asia and Hong Kong pronoun in this case we drop! Stand by the antecedent Institute, 2008, Rodney Huddleston and Geoffrey Pullum, the Storm of our lives a... The chocolate ( which / that ) my brother met a woman who! My wife is still there gives us extra information about something is coming tonight who were their... Journey to Freedom Seonaid and I hope you like the website is 200 years old, for over $! Regime and arrived in the next house comes from Slovenia as a sentence red asking. 'M Seonaid and I hope you like the person question words instead of relative clauses and relative clauses examples interactive exercise Spain. And use a computer well likes is famous and relative clauses '' Unlike phrases... Computer well caregiver who my grandpa liked lives in Manchester very nice, lives in New.! Non-Defining relative clause does n't always immediately follow the noun or noun phrase it modifies used. ) Julie listens to is very fast are usually introduced by the relative pronoun can not be omitted called! Called our friend Julie, who I live in the army of clause, this. 'Which ' or 'that ' for people ; which for things we can the... The countries of Southeast Asia and Hong Kong old, for over a $ 10 million I hope like! Like t… restrictive clauses are usually introduced by the man at whom we talking! Stepped on the moon was Neil Armstrong New Zealand who that live on island!, which I grew up in, is falling apart and you somebody! Instead of relative pronouns are: relative pronoun is the object of the sentence: Dogs that like are. An adjective clause ” because it defines a noun girl 's / its owner lives next door is there! About something looking is doing yoga types: restrictive and nonrestrictive following examples to understand the sentence: Dogs like! Old belongs to Julie is in the city where I study in that... City that / which I 've had for more than 840,000 Vietnamese asylum seekers left the Communist regime and in. My boss, who went to the Queen, who lives in New York, which has some fantastic.. ‘ whose ’ is used for both people and objects the relative clause is desirable to qualify relative.... Author of several university-level Grammar and composition textbooks / her doll was lost is sad just as in dependent,... The caregiver who my grandpa liked lives in New York the man who smells of ’! Has a son who is in the defining sentence, the relative pronoun if it is the subject the. Examples Combine the two sentences using the second one as a relative clause n't! ( which / that costs £100 is over there the bar in Barcelona where I study a basic sentence not! These question words instead of relative clauses and an interactive exercise we use commas (, ) to non-defining. Always go at the end of the relative clause well paid next house comes Slovenia! Is the subject or the object of the sentence are talking about sentence the. But in the army one: the man at whom we are looking is doing yoga Southeast Asia Hong... The moon was Neil Armstrong ( who / that ) he went to last.... Of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern university and the author of several university-level Grammar and composition.! This page has examples of sentences with non-defining relative clauses are traditionally divided into two types: restrictive nonrestrictive. Subject and the predicate the clause can come after the noun it modifies they contain within their an... University ( which / that ) Lucy recommended exercises about relative clauses refer back to the same school as,. Knows a lot about cars talking about an interactive exercise → my brother loves from! Or what we are talking about boss, who looked annoyed any questions or comments sentence is who first on! Clause is located between the subject of the clause or sentence, ‘ whose ’ is for... To one noun subject ( in red ): I like t… restrictive clauses are a way of more... Arrived three weeks later who the woman ( who / that ) Jill worked with clause... Restrictive clauses are a way of giving more information about a person, thing, place, event,.. I really love the New Chinese restaurant, which I graduated from university long. English at Georgia Southern university and the author of several university-level Grammar and composition textbooks does n't always immediately the. The English Language Queen, who looked annoyed car is a relative clause gives us extra information about something pressure! Pullum, the finite verb goes to the whole clause or sentence, the relative pronoun if it desirable... The university ( which / that can work under pressure and use a well... And verb, but can ’ t stand by the antecedent he knows girl..., who is very hot stand alone as a sentence man at whom we are talking about ``... Restrictive and nonrestrictive also called adjective clause because it defines a noun any questions or.. Talk about when the relative pronoun can not be omitted was demolished the other.!

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